Introducing Psychology Notes, Questions and Answers: Psychology Subject Resources2 Dec 2021 2021-12-08 14:32
Introducing Psychology Notes, Questions and Answers: Psychology Subject Resources
On this page you will find study resources for Psychology subject, focusing on “Introducing Psychology” topic within Introduction to Psychology study area. Study resources include the following: questions and answers for assignments, exams, and tests assessments; textbooks, past papers on pdf format; essay topics; study guides; as well as quizzes for students.
Howandwhen.org helps students and teachers of Psychology subject all over the world to fully prepare their lessons and prepare for the examinations.
Did you know?: Psychology subject contains sensitive and challenging topics for both students and teachers. As a result, other teachers might be tempted to avoid certain difficult topics as they put them in an awkward position. However, a Psychology course or subject provides many learning opportunities for great discussion and hands-on learning.
Important Years in Psychology
- Modern psychology was born in the second half of the 19th century
- For the first half of the 20th century, there were a set of major competing “schools of thought“
- Between 1900 and 1939, Sigmund Freud argued that our unconscious is primarily responsible for what we do. And, so, he questioned whether we even have “free will”.
- But, J. B. Watson, B. F. Skinner, and other “behaviorists” denied Freud’s claim and said we should only look at external behaviors (not at the mind)
- After the 2nd World War, beginning in the 1950, the “Humanists” emerged to champion free will and the unique qualities of each human person
- As we moved to the last part of the 20th century, psychologists became more interested in biological influences on behavior and on “evolutionary” forces that emerge from our genetic make-up as we interact with the environment.
What is Psychology?
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. It encompasses the biological influences, social pressures, and environmental factors that affect how people think, act, and feel.
Introduction to Psychology
Despite the differences in their interests, areas of study, and approaches, all psychologists have one thing in common: They rely on scientific methods. Research psychologists use scientific methods to create new knowledge about the causes of behavior, whereas psychologist- practitioners, such as clinical, counseling, industrial-organizational, and school psychologists, use existing research to enhance the everyday life of others. The science of psychology is important for both researchers and practitioners.
In a sense all humans are scientists. We all have an interest in asking and answering questions about our world. We want to know why things happen, when and if they are likely to happen again, and how to reproduce or change them. Such knowledge enables us to predict our own behavior and that of others. We may even collect data (i.e., any information collected through formal observation or measurement) to aid us in this undertaking. It has been argued that people are “everyday scientists” who conduct research projects to answer questions about behavior (Nisbett & Ross, 1980). When we perform poorly on an important test, we try to understand what caused our failure to remember or understand the material and what might help us do better the next time.
Downloadable notes on Introduction to Psychology
Below are some of the most useful Lecture notes and Guides on Introduction to Psychology:
Introduction to Psychology Video
- Introducing Psychology
- Psychology as a Science
- The Evolution of Psychology: History, Approaches, and Questions
- Introduction to Major Perspectives
- Biological Psychology
- Psychodynamic Psychology
- Behaviourist Psychology
- Humanist, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Psychology
- Scientific Method to Guide Research
- Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behaviour
- Informed Consumer of Psychological Research
- The Neuron Is the Building Block of the Nervous System
- Our Brains Control Our Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviour
- Psychologists Study the Brain Using Many Different Methods
- Putting It All Together: The Nervous System and the Endocrine System
- We Experience Our World through Sensation
- Tasting, Smelling, and Touching
- Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception
- Sleeping and Dreaming Revitalize Us for Action
- Altering Consciousness with Psychoactive Drugs
- Altering Consciousness without Drugs
- Conception and Prenatal Development
- Infancy and Childhood: Exploring and Learning
- Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity
- Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
- Late Adulthood: Aging, Retiring, and Bereavement
- Learning by Association: Classical Conditioning
- Changing Behaviour through Reinforcement and Punishment: Operant Conditioning
- Learning by Insight and Observation
- Using the Principles of Learning to Understand Everyday Behaviour
- Memories as Types and Stages
- How We Remember: Cues to Improving Memory
- Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition
- Defining and Measuring Intelligence
- The Social, Cultural, and Political Aspects of Intelligence
- Communicating with Others: The Development and Use of Language
- The Experience of Emotion
- Stress: The Unseen Killer
- Positive Emotions: The Power of Happiness
- Two Fundamental Human Motivations: Eating and Mating
- Personality and Behaviour: Approaches and Measurement
- The Origins of Personality
- Is Personality More Nature or More Nurture? Behavioural and Molecular Genetics
- Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behaviour Abnormal?
- Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us
- Mood Disorders: Emotions as Illness
- Schizophrenia: The Edge of Reality and Consciousness
- Personality Disorders
- Somatoform, Factitious, and Sexual Disorders
- Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy
- Reducing Disorder Biologically: Drug and Brain Therapy
- Reducing Disorder by Changing the Social Situation
- Evaluating Treatment and Prevention: What Works?
- Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselves and Others
- Interacting With Others: Helping, Hurting, and Conforming
- Working With Others: The Costs and Benefits of Social Groups
Useful Sources for Psychology Studies