How do the changes of reconciliation reflect the values outlined in South African constitution?

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How do the changes of reconciliation reflect the values outlined in South African constitution?

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  1. Firstly, understand historical background to South African Constitution

    Although South Africa’s Constitution was drafted between May 1994 and October 1996, the ideas contained in it are not new. Many of its provisions are the realisation of years of struggle and speak to the very essence of who we are as South Africans.

    Our constitutional history spans nine decades between two major milestones. In a sense, both were peace treaties; one ended a conflict and one gave birth to a new constitutional order. The first milestone was the 1902 Treaty of Vereeniging, which ended the Anglo-Boer Warand laid the basis for the adoption of the country’s first constitution in 1910. That constitution was drafted by an unrepresentative convention that expressly excluded the voice of the majority. The second milestone was the 1993 Interim Constitution, which has also been described by some as a peace treaty. The Interim Constitution essentially signalled the end of a long history of conflict and provided the basis for our new Constitution, drafted by a Constitutional Assembly representative of the majority of people in the country.

    The signing of South Africa’s final Constitution was a milestone in our history. The Constitution was the birth certificate of the South African nation. It is one of the most advanced in the world, establishing a constitutional democracy in which a finely-crafted Bill of Rights enjoys pride of place. It is the product of negotiations between political parties that were at war with each other. It constitutes a political agreement between mandated leaders about what the most basic law in the land should be. In a sense, the Constitution represents a discovery of nationhood because it reflects the soul of the nation. Source: SA History

    Answer on: How do the changes of reconciliation reflect the values outlined in South African constitution?




    The Day of Reconciliation was introduced in 1994 as a way to heal the rift between the people of South Africa, and bring harmony to a nation still suffering from decades of injustice.

    After the first democratic elections in 1994, December 16 continued to form part of the history of post apartheid South Africa. On 16 December 1995 the name was changed once more and was celebrated as a public holiday known as the Day of Reconciliation. The establishment of December 16 as a public holiday was an attempt to strike a balance between a divided past and promoting national unity and reconciliation in a new political dispensation.

    For African people, the date has been significant as one of both peaceful protests against racial injustice and of the founding of the more militant Umkhonto we Sizwe by the African National Congress (ANC) on 16 December 1961.

    Nelson Mandela and South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission chose a day that was special to both ethnic groups in the country in order to work on healing the damage done by Apartheid.

    This is  also the sixteenth day of the South African summer holiday period. It is one of the four public holidays observed during the summer in the Southern Hemisphere, along with Christmas Day, Day of Goodwill and New Year’s Day. Many small businesses close down and employees go on leave over this period.

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    Related Links on How do the changes of reconciliation reflect the values outlined in South African constitution?

    SA History

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