What was the role and impact of the Cold War on Chinese-Us relations between 1949 and 1973?

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What was the role and impact of the Cold War on Chinese-Us relations between 1949 and 1973?

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  1. China–United States relations, more often known as U.S.–Chinese relationsChinese–U.S. relations, or Sino-American relations, refer to international relationsbetween China and the United States. The relationship between China and the United States is quite strong yet complex. The United States and China have an extremely extensive economic partnership, a great amount of trade between the two countries necessitates somewhat positive political relations, yet significant issues exist. It is a relationship of economic cooperation, hegemonic rivalry in the Pacific and mutual suspicion over the other’s intentions. Therefore, each nation has adopted a wary attitude regarding the other as a potential adversary whilst at the same time being an extremely strong economic partner. It has been described by world leaders and academics as the world’s most important bilateral relationship of the century.

    As of 2018, the United States has the world’s largest economy and China has the second largest, although China has a larger GDP when measured by PPP. The US has greater national wealth.

    Relations between the two countries have generally been stable with some periods of open conflict, most notably during the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Currently, China and the United States have mutual political, economic, and security interests, including but not limited to the proliferation of nuclear weapons, although there are unresolved concerns relating to the role of democracy in government in China and human rights in both respective countries. China is the largest foreign creditor of the United States. The two countries remain in dispute over territorial issues in the South China Sea.

    Public opinion of the other country tends to fluctuate around 40 to 50 percent favorability. As of 2015, China’s public opinion of the U.S. is at 44%, while the United States’ public opinion of China is somewhat lower at 38%. The highest recorded favorable opinion of the United States was at 58% (2010) and the lowest at 38% (2007). Conversely, the highest recorded favorable opinion of China was at 52% (2006) and the lowest at 35% (2014).

    Relations with China began under George Washington, leading to the 1845 Treaty of Wangxia. The U.S. was allied to the Republic of China during the Pacific War, but broke off relations with China for 25 years when the communist government took over, until Richard Nixon’s 1972 visit to China. Since Nixon, every successive U.S. president has toured China. Relations with China have strained under Barack Obama’s Asia pivot strategy, U.S. support for Japan in the Senkaku Islands dispute, as well as Donald Trump’s threats to classify the country as a “currency manipulator” as part of a potential trade war.

    As of April 2017, ongoing maritime disputes in the South China Sea have strained relations between the two. America has conducted freedom of navigation patrols in the region to underscore the US’ position that the artificial islands constructed by China are located in international waters.

    Useful Readings regarding Chinese-Us relations

    The United States and the Republic of China, 1949–1978: Suspicious Allies

    US – China Relations Since 1949

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